Malouf Manly Pharmacy
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic condition. This means that it lasts for a long time, often for someone's whole life.
For our bodies to work properly we need to convert glucose (sugar) from food into energy. A hormone called insulin is essential for the conversion of glucose into energy.
In people with diabetes, insulin is no longer produced or not produced in sufficient amounts by the body.
So when people with diabetes eat glucose, which is in foods such as breads, cereals, fruit and starchy vegetables, legumes, milk, yoghurt and sweets, it can’t be converted into energy. Instead of being turned into energy the glucose stays in the blood. This is why blood glucose levels are higher in people with diabetes.
Glucose is carried arohttp://www.diabetesaustralia.com.auund your body in your blood. Your blood glucose level is called glycaemia.
In Australia around 1.7 million people have diabetes, with on average one person being diagnosed every 5 minutes. There are three forms of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition, where the body does not produce insulin. Whilst there is no cure and it cannot be prevented, early detection, treatment and lifestyle modifications can help both living with the condition and preventing life threatening complications and hospitalisation.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes, unlike type 1, is associated with lifestyle risk factors. Over 85% of all cases of diabetes are type 2.
Those diagnosed with type 2 diabetes continue to produce insulin, however may not produce enough, or the body may not respond to the insulin effectively. Type 2 is the most preventable form of diabetes as lifestyle factors can greatly increase your risk of developing the condition.
Many people with type 2 diabetes are unaware of their condition and remain undiagnosed. Early detection and monitoring can allow type 2 diabetes to be managed through lifestyle modification and can slow the progression of complications.
Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy but usually disappears once the baby is born. Gestational diabetes impacts both mother and child and requires close monitoring and treatment to prevent complications. Women diagnosed with gestational diabetes are 50% more likely to develop type 2 diabetes at a later stage.
* source http://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au
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